Glossary of Keywords

At Gienow Renovations we realize you’re not an expert in windows and doors, but we want you to understand what we are talking about. To help out we have compiled keyword phrases to help you comprehend our window and door information.

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A

ALUMINUM CLAD

Clad in extruded aluminum is a material option that won’t ding or dent. Extruded aluminum is more durable and increases the structural integrity of the products. This is combined with either vinyl or wood interiors

ARCHITECTURAL SHAPES

A variety of shapes and configurations of shapes are available.

ARGON GAS

Argon is a colorless, odorless, nonflammable, non-reactive, inert gas. Argon gas fills are used to reduce heat loss in sealed units by slowing down convection in the air space. Argon gas is very cost efficient, and works in unison with LowE coated glazing.

AWNINGS

A venting window that is hinged on the top, and swings outward from the bottom. It is operated usually by a cranking mechanism at the bottom.

B

BALL-BEARING HINGES

Heavy duty hinges equipped with internal ball bearings to allow for smoother operation and allow for heavier doors such as over height doors and fibreglass doors.

BAY

Bay windows are comprised of three or more windows, typically featuring a large center unit and two flanking units at 35° or 45° angles to the wall.

BEADED

Beaded siding is similar to traditional siding with a horizontal orientation but includes a rounded bead at the bottom of each course (row). This creates a more dramatic shadow line.

BOARD & BATTEN

Board and batten siding is vertically orientated. This profile can be used on a whole home or to accent one part of the home.

BOTTOM SWEEP

The continuous barrier attached to the bottom of the door to create a barrier against air leakage and drafts.

BOW

Bow window features four or more window units in a radial or bow formation.

BRICKMOULD

Attached to the frame on the exterior side to create a finished overlap with the siding material covering the exterior of the building.

C

CASEMENT

A venting window that is hinged on the side, and swings outward similar to that of a door. It is operated usually by a cranking mechanism at the bottom.

CLEAR GLASS

Standard on all windows, clear glass is the base glass provided in windows prior to any upgrades or glazing options being added.

CONDUCTION

Conduction is a term used to describe heat loss through solid materials (frame, spacer bar). Each individual material has a different rate of conduction, which is measured by its U-Value.

COURSES

A course is a row that represents traditional wood boards on a single piece of vinyl siding. Double siding has two courses.

CUSTOM SIZING

Ply Gem windows (all materials) and patio doors (vinyl only) can be ordered in 1 mm increments to accommodate any replacement application providing a perfect fit and minimizing installation time and special trimming requirements.

D

DP CERTIFIED

Ply Gem Windows are tested to meet the air, water and structure requirements of AAMA/WDMA 101/I.S.2. Our products meet various Design Pressure (DP) ratings.

DUAL (DOUBLE) GLAZING

Glazing that consists of two pieces of glass sandwiched together using a spacer bar to separate the pieces.

DUTCHLAP SIDING

Horizontal oriented siding that runs parallel to the ground. Dutchlap differs from Traditional Lap as it’s made to replicate old wood siding that was hand carved to have a curve running along to top edge of the siding. This creates a heave shadow line characteristic.

E

EAVESTROUGH

Eavestroughs, also called rain gutters, is the u-shaped channel that runs along the rooflines of the home to direct water to a downspout which empties away from the foundation of the home to help prevent erosion and water infiltration.

ECO GAIN 180

High Solar Gain Glass. A great choice for our northern climate because it allows solar energy to pass through the glass to provide “free heat” in winter. LoE reflects heat back into the room, reducing home heating needs. Throughout the year, Eco Glass Gain 180 protects furnishings from fading and insulates against extreme temperatures.

ECO MAX SHIELD 366

Ultimate Performance Glass. This “spectrally selective” glass provides the highest level of comfort, energy savings and fade protection. Instead of one or two layers, the glass is coated with three layers of silver to block summer heat and retain your home’s heat in winter – with no room-darkening tints and virtually no exterior reflectance.

ECO SHIELD 270

Solar Control Glass. A good choice for variable climates. In summer, Eco Glass Shield 270 can reduce solar heat gain by 50% or more compared to ordinary glass. In winter, argon fill and LoE work together to maintain comfort and reduce energy needs. Throughout the year, Eco Glass Shield protects against fading without darkening your view.

EMISSIVITY

A term used to describe a surfaces’ relative ability to absorb and re-radiate heat. A surface with high emissivity will radiate heat faster than a surface with low emissivity. Emissivity is recorded on a scale of 0-1, where 0 would be the perfect white surface reflecting 100% of heat while 1 would be the perfect black surface that absorbs 100% of heat. Standard glass surfaces have an emissivity of 0.84, while Low E glass surfaces have emissivity ratings of 0.08 to 0.04.

ENERGY STAR®

A government-backed program that rates products based on energy efficiency for specific Climate Zones of Canada and the USA. Zones 1, 2, 3 are designated by how harsh the climate is.

F

FASCIA

This is the trim that covers the ends of roof rafters. It is attached between the roofing and the soffit overhang. Fascia comes in either ribbed or smooth depending what kind of look you want to have.

FIXED WINDOWS

Windows that do not open. They generally are more energy-efficient and secure than non-fixed windows.

FOAM/WOOD CORE

An insulating agent injected into the core of a steel or fibreglass door to reduce thermal loss.

FRAME (WINDOW)

The outer structure of a window which gets fastened to the building wall, and provides the structure for the rest of the window unit.

FRAME (DOOR)

The outer structure in which the exterior door is supported. It is most often made of wood to facilitate being fastened to the exterior structure of the building. Frame materials can also be made of PVC, composite or metal, but wood is the most common.

FRENCH INSWING PATIO DOORS

These doors provide classic style and unbeatable performance with wide stiles and rails coupled with door panels to give you a true French look and include a sliding screen.

FRENCH OUTSWING PATIO DOORS

These high quality doors provide classic style with wide stiles and rails for a true French look with a venting panel.

G

GARDEN DOORS

These doors give you the option of full length window ventilation with the look of a door.

GLASS INSERT

A glazed unit which is installed in the exterior door panel itself. They allow light into the dwelling, and can be decorative for design purposes.

GLAZING

The part of a window which you can see through and which lets light pass through from the outside.

H

HARD COAT

A term used to describe the type of Low E coating used and how it was applied. Hard coat is applied after the glass has cooled during manufacturing.

HARDWARE

The operating portions of a window. Includes cranks, handles, screens, latches, etc.

HINGED PATIO DOORS

These doors elevate elegance and performance with their historically accurate design and are sturdy as they are beautiful with an elegant wide rail profile.

HINGES

The hardware that is mounted to the frame and door slab, allowing it to swing. Hinges are available in multiple different colours and different purposes.

HORIZONTAL SLIDING WINDOW

These windows offer a horizontally-sliding sash in a single frame.

I

IGU (INSULATED GLASS UNIT)

A glass system in which two or more pieces of glass are assembled together using a spacer bar. IG units provide greater energy efficiency, as well as providing sound insulation.

L

LAMINATED GLASS

A type of safety glass comprising of two pieces of glass and a clear vinyl interlay. This glass may break under impact, but typically remains integral. Splinters and sharp fragments adhere to the interlay. Laminated glass is ideal for areas where someone might fall against the glass, or to prevent forced entry.

LOCKING SYSTEM

The locking system on siding consists of 2 parts, one at the top and one at the bottom of the panel to connect the panels to each other and to secure the siding to the home.

LOW-E

Low-E (Low-emissivity) GLASS has a secondary, very thin metallic dual layer coating. It reflects radiant heat waves, so it helps keep your home warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer.

LOW-E-2 (“SQUARED”)

A sealed unit that has two coats of Low E on one surface. i.e. Eco Shield 270.

LOW-E-3 (“CUBED”)

A sealed unit that has three coats of Low E on one surface. i.e. Eco Max Shield 366.

N

NEAT® EASY CLEAN GLASS

Optional a treated glass that sheds water and organic material off the surface of the glass to make it much easier to clean and eliminates frequent exterior window cleaning compared with ordinary glass.

O

OBSCURE

Glass that has limited visibility through it. Used to provide privacy for windows such as bathrooms or sidelights in doors.

OPERATING WINDOWS

Windows that open to allow for fresh air ventilation from the outdoors.

P

PRESERVE

An optional plastic film applied with static electricity to sealed units manufactured by Cardinal Glass. Protects the window from things like paint and scratches during construction or renovation and peels away after the work is completed leaving your glass protected.

R

RAILS

The continuous horizontal supports in the exterior door. In steel and fibreglass doors the rails are covered by a door skin, but in wood doors they are exposed.

REPLICA STONE

Replica stone is a manufactured product that has reproduced the look of a natural material (such as stone). The materials used to replicate the stone are easier to install, less costly, are low maintenance and are made for long-term performance.

REVEALS

A reveal is the height of a single represented traditional wood board on a piece of siding that is exposed. A double board has 2 rows and the reveal is the height of one of those rows. A D4.5 means a piece of siding with 2 courses (rows) and a reveal (height) of 4.5”.

R-VALUE

A measure of heat flow through a window. The higher the number, the better the glass is at blocking the heat.

S

SAFETY GLASS

Glass less prone to breakage and designed to break in a manner less conducive to personal injury, such as tempered, laminated, or Georgian Polished Wire (GPW).

SASH

The inner structure of a window, the portion of the window that moves (either slides or cranks).

SCREEN

A mesh that is placed in the window frame to protect against insects and flying debris when a venting window is opened. Meshes can be made from various materials such as nylon, fiberglass and metal.

SEALED UNIT

Two or more sheets of glass sealed together with a “spacer bar” between them around the edges and sealed with a special adhesive designed to maintain an air tight seal between the sheets of glass.

SELF-CLOSING HINGES

Special hinges that are designed to close an exterior automatically without human intervention. Often used in commercial applications, as well as in doors that lead from garages into the home.

SIDELITES

Separate glazed units that can be attached to either side (or both sides) of an exterior door system.

SILL

The bottom portion of the frame against which the bottom of the exterior door rests when it is closed. Usually constructed using metal, and incorporates a thermal break of rubber, wood or PVC to reduce thermal heat loss.

SINGLE HUNG

These windows come with one vertically-sliding sash in a single frame.

S

SLIDING PATIO DOORS

The timeless style of these doors offer space-saving sliding configurations, full-perimeter weatherstripping and adjustable rollers for smooth operation.

SOFFIT

Soffit encloses the horizontal underside of a eve or overhang. It is both functional and aesthetic. Aesthetic as it covers the unfinished wood beams and rafters, functional as it helps airflow through the wood rafters to reduce moisture.

SOFT COAT

A term used to describe the type of Low E coating used and how it was applied. Soft coat is applied before the glass has cooled during manufacturing.

SOLAR HEAT GAIN COEFFICIENT

A measure of solar radiation transmitted through the glass, also referred to as SHGC. Higher numbers mean more heat gain in a home.

SOLID SOFFIT

Solid soffit does not include any perforations and can be used as a full coverage, but vents will need to be installed in addition to the soffit to ensure air flow. You can also alternate solid and vented soffit panels.

SPACER BAR

The material used to maintain equal space between pieces of glass in a sealed unit. Typically a metallic channel or tube held in place with an adhesive. There are several types of spacer bars used in the window industry and most have trademarked names. i.e. Super Spacer, XL Edge, Intercept, etc.

STILES

The continuous vertical supports inside the exterior door. In steel and fibreglass doors the stiles are covered by a door skin, but in wood doors they are exposed.

T

TEMPERED GLASS

Glass that is treated with heat in its manufacturing, creating a product that can withstand abnormal force or pressure on its surface, and which does not break into sharp pieces; code requires tempered glass in all doors (including patio doors) and on windows that are located near doors.

THICKNESS (SIDING)

Thickness of siding measures its durability. The thicker a panel, the greater its ability to withstand resistance.

TRADITIONAL LAP SIDING

Horizontal oriented siding that runs parallel to the ground. These profiles are available in single, double or triple courses (rows) at varying reveals (heights).

TRANSOM

The inner structure of a window, the portion of the window that moves (either slides or cranks).

TRI (TRIPLE) GLAZING

Glazing that consists of three pieces of glass sandwiched together using spacer bars to separate the pieces. Triple glazing is more energy efficient than dual glazing, and can also afford more resistance to sound transmission.

TWO-COAT ACRYLIC FINISH

With a base one-coat of polyester paint and a two-coat acrylic top coat this finish provides an ultra-thick surface that resists scrapes and scratches and also provides excellent colour retention.

U

U-FACTOR

A measurement of the window’s ability to prevent heat loss from the house. The lower the U-Factor rating is on a window, the greater its ability to prevent heat loss.

UPVC (VINYL)

Stands for ‘Unplasticized Polyvinyl Chloride’. A special type of plastic that is used for windows, plumbing pipes, downspouts, gutters and many other building materials. It is a durable alternative to aluminum and wood for use in window manufacturing. uPVC typically will not warp, split, and is not susceptible to rotting or decay. uPVC is by far the most popular material for window construction.

UV TRANSMISSION

Ultra Violet Light is able to pass through glass to a certain degree and will vary depending on the amount of Low E coatings used on the glass. The UV Transmission percentage rating on glass refers to the amount of damaging UV light that is allowed to pass through the glass. The lower the percentage of UV Transmission, the better the glass performance.

V

VENTED SOFFIT

Vented (or aerated) soffit has perforations to assist with airflow and reduce the need for add-on vents. Soffit can be all vented or alternating panels of solid and vented.

VERTICAL SLIDER (SINGLE-HUNG)

A venting window in which one portion is fixed, and one portion slides vertically. The bottom portion is usually the venting portion.

VINYL

Offers homeowners with long-lasting, weather-tight material for extended performance and beauty. See UPVC.

VISIBLE LIGHT TRANSMISSION

The amount of light that is able to pass through a piece of glass versus being reflected away. Different percentages of light are able be “seen” through glass and this varies when Low E coatings are applied to the glass.

W

WEATHER-STRIPPING

A flexible seal or gasket that protects the window unit against the outside weather when an opening window is in its closed position.

WOOD (WINDOWS)

Offers homeowners traditional looks with natural wood finished interiors that are ready for paint or stain to match any décor.

WOODGRAIN (SIDING)

The finer, more shallower the embossed woodgrain is, the more it looks like older wood siding. If the woodgrain embossment is deeper and more defined it looks more like freshly painted, new wood.

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